## The description
Today, the planet faces great risks for its survival. Global warming, the increasing population, and the ecological crisis are forcing humans to question the future of our own species and others that inhabit the planet. Added to this is the illegal and systematic trafficking of wildlife products which constitutes the final nail in the coffin, aggravating the ecological crisis.
Elephant’s ivory, rhinoceros’ horn, tiger’s fur are all well-known examples, but the most trafficked wildlife product in the world is Rosewood.
Act4Rosewood or Act for the Rosewoods is a project to save trees, especially rosewoods, from illegal trafficking. We want to build on our experience of developing a biosensor to detect rosewood, as part of the competition, to make a major project against trafficking worldwide.
Interviews with Annah Zhu (Assistant Professor in Environmental Policy at Wageningen University & Research) and Haïdar el-Ali (ecologist and politician) have shown us that this trafficking has considerable consequences. First, illegal rosewood trafficking leads to violence in the surrounding areas. Second, it hinders the work of justice and law enforcement. Third, it endangers nature and biodiversity, as the species inhabiting the forests are often hunted.
Consequently, species driven from the forest by traffickers sometimes carry pathogens that they transmit to humans. This was the case in West Africa with the Ebola epidemic [](#ref1) and possibly COVID-19 pandemic [[2-3]](#ref2). In addition, illegal timber trafficking represents a danger to public health. Studies show that in Madagascar, cases of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases have skyrocketed during seasons of high rosewood harvest [](#ref4).
Indeed, these consequences constitute major obstacles to sustainable development. To overcome this problem, customs and judicial authorities in heavily affected countries are encountering difficulties, in particular in identifying protected wood species once already in the containers. This is where our project comes in. Our biosensors will provide authorities with the means to detect rosewood species to combat trafficking.
## Sustainable Development Goals and targets
In this sense, our project will help achieve several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
- Goal 3: Good health and well-being
- Goal 13: Climate change
- Goal 15: Life on Earth
- Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
## Expected impacts
This project aims to:
- Fight against illegal trafficking in plant species; to put out of harm the traffickers, the mafias; protect residents from the violence of traffickers; strengthen control institutions such as justice and customs.
- Protect populations from sexually transmitted diseases in the near regions affected by illegal timber trafficking; protect humanity against epidemics that can be linked to species driven from the forest by traffickers.
- Protect the environment, endangered species and biodiversity; and preserve plant species to fight against climate change.
Our team is aware of its role, as well as of iGEM's values, for sustainable development. Thus, we collaborated with other teams to explain to them how our project intends to promote sustainable development.
Thus, the [collaboration](https://2020.igem.org/Team:Evry_Paris-Saclay/Collaborations) carried out with the iGEM UPCH_Peru team of Peruvian University Cayetano Heredia aims to show the importance of science in society. It shows how science can be a development tool, while helping to solve problems related to sustainable development.
Indeed, we shared, through an infographic, how our project helps humanity achieve the goals of sustainable development. From a holistic perspective, we focused on two goals: Goal 15, Life and Land; and Goal 16, Peace, Justice and Strong Institution. This experience shapes more than ever our commitment to sustainable development in the world.
## Human Practices
A deeper analysis of the rosewood trade implications is available on our [“Human Practices”](https://2020.igem.org/Team:Evry_Paris-Saclay/Human_Practices) page of this wiki.
 Leroy ÉM. [The emergence of Ebola virus in humans: a long process not yet fully understood]. Bulletin de l’Académie Nationale de Médecine (2015) 199: 651–669; discussion 669-671.
 Lam TT-Y, Jia N, Zhang Y-W, Shum MH-H, Jiang J-F, Zhu H-C, Tong Y-G, Shi Y-X, Ni X-B, Liao Y-S, Li W-J, Jiang B-G, Wei W, Yuan T-T, Zheng K, Cui X-M, Li J, Pei G-Q, Qiang X, Cheung WY-M, Li L-F, Sun F-F, Qin S, Huang J-C, Leung GM, Holmes EC, Hu Y-L, Guan Y, Cao W-C. Identifying SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses in Malayan pangolins. Nature (2020) 583: 282–285.
 Liu P, Jiang J-Z, Wan X-F, Hua Y, Li L, Zhou J, Wang X, Hou F, Chen J, Zou J, Chen J. Are pangolins the intermediate host of the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)? PLoS pathogens (2020) 16: e1008421.
 Ratsimbazafy C, Newton DJ, Ringuet S. Timber island: rosewood and ebony trade of Madagascar. TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa (2016).