Team:CCU Taiwan/Safety



While we are devoted to science progress, it is also important to take safety into consideration. This document shows our compliance with the related safety rules for personal safety, biosafety, lab safety, project safety, and environmental safety.

Personal Safety

The fatal pneumonia COVID-19 has spread across the world this year, but fortunately the situation is well-controlled in Taiwan now. However, in early February, when it appeared a potential outbreak might happen in Taiwan, we held all our discussions via online meeting to minimize the risk of infection. When the school opened again for the second semester, we measured our body temperatures and disinfected hands with alcohol before entering any building. Moreover, we always wore masks and practiced social distancing, keeping a distance at least 1.5 meters apart inside and 1 meter outside.


The organism we used in our experiment is WHO Risk Group 1, which means that the organism in its laboratory form does not easily cause human or animal disease. Besides, our team members received training courses to understand biohazards and preventive measures. In addition, we only used the dengue virus envelope protein, which is not pathogenic to humans, instead of the whole virus particle.


Our lab is biosafety level 1, and the members wear personal protective equipment whenever conducting an experiment. All the team members also received training courses to learn safety of operating the lab instruments and accident response measures. Furthermore, the instruments are checked every day before an experiment to ensure that they are intact and functional.

Project Safety


Nanoparticles may damage our eyes (retinas and optic nerves) when they spread in the air. They can induce damage on retinas and optic nerves, causing diseases such as retinitis and glaucoma. Therefore, we wore goggles and gloves and were careful when conducting the experiments involving gold nanoparticles. Furthermore, our reagent is covered all the time, which prevents the nanogold from escaping into the environment.

E. coli

Two strains of E. coli were involved in our experiments, BL21(DE3) and DH5α, which are low risk to human beings. After each experiment, we bleached and autoclaved the biowastes to ensure that the bacteria do not escape into the environment.

Environmental Safety

The wastes generated during the experiment were collected to prevent contaminating the environment. In terms of product, the detection reagents after the reaction may contain dengue virus, so we will not sell the product directly to the consumers but only to hospitals or the government. We also advise the users in the product manual to collect the products and dispose of them properly after use.


World Health Organization - Laboratory biosafety manual, Third edition. World Health Organization. doi: 10.1007/SpringerReference_61629
Taiwan Centers for Disease Control - Laboratory Biosafety Management: A Compilation of Regulations and Administrative Guidance, 4th Edition
Biosafety level - Wikipedia
Zhu, Shuang; Gong, Linji; Li, Yijian; Xu, Haiwei; Gu, Zhanjun; Zhao, Yuliang - Safety
Assessment of Nanomaterials to Eyes: An Important but Neglected Issue. doi: 10.1002/advs.201802289